英语连词

英语连词大全用法和经典句式

在这个学习指南中,你将学习如何使用英语连词。你将会发现常见连接词的意思,并学习如何在句子中使用它们。举例说明英语中常见连接词的句子位置和用法。

什么是英语连词?

话语标记(“英语连词”)是我们用来在句子中的单词之间建立链接的单词或短语。这些话语标记用于英语口语和书面语。

在这里,我们将关注写作和正式口语中的话语标记——通常称为“英语连词”。英语连词是在想法和句子之间建立联系的一种方式。

延伸阅读:46个常见地点副词的用法

正式和非正式的英语连词

非正式的英语连词用于英语口语。您可以将您的想法与以下词语和短语联系起来:I mean, honestly, after all, besides and in any case。了解哪些连接词在正式和非正式情况下最合适是很有用的。在电子邮件中,您可以选择英语连词,例如so、but和because。这些应该已经很熟悉了。

在一篇文章中,您更有可能选择正式的英语连词,例如 therefore, however, consequently , on the contrary and moreover。有些英语连词非常正式,您可能会选择在写作中根本不使用它们。示例包括:thus, hence and nonetheless.

连接单词和句子位置

许多英语连词用在句子的开头,而其他的可以用在中间或结尾。与排序和结构相关的单词和短语出现在句子的开头。例子包括:first, secondly, finally和 in conclusion 。表达作者观点的副词也出现在句首,例如 evidently and obviously 。

英语连词可以用在从句之间,在句子的中间。例子包括:对比想法的词(however, although),显示结果(therefore, as a result),以及添加更多信息的短语(moreover, furthermore)。可以在句末放置一些连接词。看下面的例子:Learning a second language is motivating. It can be very difficult, however.

标点符号

标点符号 Punctuation 与一些连接词和短语的使用很重要。一些语法书为您提供有关句子中标点符号和从句的特定规则。在句子中使用标点符号的最重要原因是让读者能够理解您的意图。

标点符号,尤其是逗号,应该有助于读者识别文章中的从句,从而更清楚地理解文本。看看这两个例句——哪个更容易理解?

A: To conclude the cars of the future are likely to be more environmentally friendly however this change may take many years to implement and moreover will require the support of the general public.

B: To conclude, the cars of the future are likely to be more environmentally friendly, however, this change may take many years to implement and, moreover, will require the support of the general public.

连接词在书面文本中非常重要。没有它们,您的写作可能会断断续续且难以阅读。在英语考试中,学生通常会根据他们写连贯句子的能力来评分。因此,学习如何正确使用连接词是学习英语作为第二语言的一项重要技能。下面的例子将帮助您理解书面文本中链接单词的含义并提高您自己的连接技巧!

延伸阅读:时间副词有哪些-35个时间副词完整列表与例句

英语连词:意义和用法

连词是一组熟悉的连接词,它们连接句子中的两个从句,例如 but、because 或 however。 事实上,连接词在一个句子中具有许多不同的功能,范围从单个词到最多四个词的短语。下面的类别显示了最常见的英语连接词类型。

Sequencing
First, secondly, subsequently, finally

像first、second和finally这样的词出现在句子的开头。它们帮助读者在文本中导航。它们用于论文,也用于说明,例如食谱。

Adding information
In addition, also, furthermore, what is more

这些连接词用于提供额外信息或加强我们的论点。

Comparison
Similarly, equally, likewise

我们使用这些连接词来添加更多示例或在想法之间建立联系。

ad 1

Giving examples
For example, for instance, e.g., such as

使用这些连接词来举例。

Consequence 结果,因此
Consequently, therefore, as a result, hence

这些连接词可以用来描述一个想法如何在逻辑上跟随另一个想法。

在写作中尽量使用各种不同的连接词。不要在整篇文章中重复一个连词!

Generalisation 一般来说,总的来说
On the whole, generally, in general

这些连接词通常位于句子的开头。它们用于一般性陈述之前。

Summing up 总结,归纳
To sum up, in summary, to summarise, to conclude, in conclusion

这些类型的短语通常用于开始文章的最后一部分。它们也用于正式的口语英语中,例如演讲或电视新闻,向听众发出演讲即将结束的信号。

Contrasting 然而
However, on the other hand, conversely, in contrast, rather, while, whereas

这些连接词用于介绍与之前所说的内容形成对比的想法或论点。在一篇文章中,它们对于介绍例如优点和缺点文章中的缺点很有用。在这种情况下使用相当是非常正式的。

Stating fact 陈述事实事实上,事实上
In fact, as a matter of fact, actually

这些类型的英语连词可以用来向读者表明作者的意思与读者的期望不同。

Concession  尽管
Although, despite, in spite of, even though

这些连接词用于表明我们承认他人的意见,即使我们可能不同意。

英语连词

AZ 常用英语连词大全和例句

下面的列表包括书面英语中所有常用的连接词。还提供了例句以帮助您在上下文中理解它们。

Additionally
Additionally, students should complete at least 3 hours of homework per week. 

此外,学生每周至少要完成3小时的家庭作业。

As a result
In recent years, few students have studied languages at school. As a result, the number of people taking language courses at degree level has decreased. 

因此,近年来,很少有学生在学校学习语言。因此,参加学位程度语言课程的人数减少了。

But
It is important to adjust your mirrors, but do not do this while driving your car.

但是调整后视镜是很重要的,但是不要在开车的时候这样做。

Consequently
John did not study hard for his exams. Consequently, his grades was disappointing.

因此,约翰没有努力学习准备考试,因此,他的成绩令人失望。

Conversely
People who have no savings often have trouble when applying for bank loans. Conversely, those who already have savings find it much easier to get credit.

相反,没有存款的人在申请银行贷款时往往会遇到麻烦。相反,那些已经有存款的人发现更容易获得信贷。

Equally
Studying languages face-to-face has a positive impact on learning. Equally, online learning can allow students to progress quickly.

同样,面对面地学习语言对学习有积极的影响。同样,在线学习可以让学生进步很快。

Firstly, secondly, etc.
Firstly, we’d like to say a warm welcome to all our new undergrads. Secondly, we’d like to remind you that students should attend all lectures on time for the duration of the semester.

首先,我们要热烈欢迎所有的本科生。其次,我们想提醒你们,学生们应该准时参加本学期的所有讲座。

连接词,如 firstsecondlysubsequently ,finally 有助于使你的写作结构更加清晰。你也可以使用要点符号或者编号的副标题来给你的观点一个逻辑的顺序

For example
You should wear suitable clothing for this trip. For example, a waterproof coat and a warm hat. 

这次旅行你应该穿合适的衣服,例如防水的外套和保暖的帽子。

For instance
You can substitute some ingredients in this recipe. For instance, honey can be used instead of sugar.

你可以用这个食谱中的一些成分代替,例如,可以用蜂蜜代替糖。

Furthermore
In my opinion, the government should provide adequate guidance on physical exercise. Furthermore, I believe it has a duty to advise the public on health and diet.

我认为政府应该对体育锻炼提供足够的指导。此外,我认为它有责任就健康和饮食问题向公众提供建议。

Generally (speaking)
Generallyworking from home is less stressful and more productive than working in a noisy office.

一般来说,在家工作比在嘈杂的办公室工作压力小,效率高。

Hence
Mark had inherited a lot of money from his grandmother; hence the large house. 

因此,马克从祖母那里继承了一大笔钱,所以才有了这所大房子。

However
Sports facilities, such as gyms and swimming pools, help people to keep fit. However, people also need motivation to help them improve their health.

体育设施,如健身房和游泳池,帮助人们保持健康。然而,人们也需要动力来帮助他们改善他们的健康。

In addition
As a community, we should do more to improve our wellbeing. In addition, the government should start a new advertising campaign to promote health and fitness nationwide.

作为一个社区,我们应该做更多的事情来改善我们的福祉。此外,政府应该开始一个新的广告运动,以促进全民健康和健身。

In conclusion
In conclusion
, the advantages of tourism outweigh the disadvantages.

总之,旅游业的优点大于缺点。

ad USA 1

In contrast
Working from home can save time and money. In contrast, commuting long distances to work every day can be time-consuming and expensive. 

在家工作可以节省时间和金钱。相比之下,每天长距离通勤上班可能既耗时又昂贵。

In fact
We didn’t enjoy the film. In fact, it was pretty terrible!

我们并不喜欢这部电影,事实上,它非常糟糕!

In general
In general, working from home is more convenient than travelling to the office.

一般来说,在家工作比到办公室工作方便。

In particular
Young children are influenced by the people around them, in particular their parents. 

年幼的孩子会受到周围人的影响,尤其是他们的父母。

In spite of this
Tony was not offered a place at his chosen university. In spite of this, he achieved a first class degree and went on to have a successful career.

托尼还是没有得到他所选择的大学的录取通知。尽管如此,他还是获得了一等学位,并开始了一段成功的职业生涯。

Likewise
Squirrels feed on hard grains and nuts, using their sharp front cutting teeth to break up their food. Likewise, rats are able to gnaw through hard materials.

松鼠以坚硬的谷物和坚果为食,用它们锋利的前牙撕碎食物。同样地,老鼠也能咬穿坚硬的物质。

Moreover
Children from less affluent households were reported to read less. Moreover, children who did not have books in the house were found to be much more likely to have a low reading age.

据报道,来自不太富裕家庭的孩子阅读能力较低。此外,研究发现,家里没有书的孩子更有可能处于低阅读年龄。

Nevertheless
You should try to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables a day and reduce your fat intake. Nevertheless, any changes you can make to your diet will have a positive effect.  

你应该尝试每天吃五份水果和蔬菜,并减少脂肪的摄入。尽管如此,你可以对你的饮食做出的任何改变都会产生积极的影响。

连接词,如 conversely, rather, while,和 whereas 是用来对比两个不同的想法。当你在论文、演讲或者正式讨论中比较不同的观点时是很有用的。

Nonetheless
The disadvantages of living in a city include noise and pollution. Nonetheless, the majority of people still choose to live in urban areas.

生活在城市的缺点包括噪音和污染。尽管如此,大多数人仍然选择居住在城市地区。

On the contrary
On the contrary, many students chose universities that showed a good standard of teaching rather than a high ranking.

相反,许多学生选择了教学水平较高的大学而不是排名较高的大学。

On the other hand
Tourism can have a positive effect on the wealth of a country. On the other hand, it can also have a negative impact on the environment.

旅游业可以对一个国家的财富产生积极的影响。另一方面,它也可能对环境产生负面影响。

On the whole
On the wholemost students prefer informal tutorial groups to large group lectures. 

总的来说,大多数学生喜欢非正式的辅导小组,而不是大型的小组讲座。

Rather
Rob wasn’t successful in the interview, rather he was given some advice on improving his application.

罗布在面试中并不成功,相反,他得到了一些关于如何改进他的申请的建议。

So
I really love Spanish culture, so I’m looking forward to my trip to Madrid next month.

我真的很喜欢西班牙文化,所以我期待着下个月去马德里旅行。

Such as
Stringed instruments, such as the violin and the cello, are among the most difficult to learn.

像小提琴和大提琴这样的弦乐器是最难学的。

Therefore
Sue broke her leg. Therefore, she was unable to attend work for a month.

苏摔断了腿,因此一个月不能上班。

advertise

Thus
The availability of high-sugar and high-fat foods has had an impact on people’s health; thus, the rate of obesity is increasing.

高糖和高脂肪食物的供应已经对人们的健康产生了影响,因此,肥胖率正在上升。

To conclude
To conclude, a child’s home background has a dramatic effect on their educational achievement.

总而言之,孩子的家庭背景对他们的教育成就有显著的影响。

To summarise
To summarise, consumer habits are changing: there has been a marked increase in the amount of clothing and technology sold online during the pandemic.

总而言之,消费者的习惯正在发生变化: 大流行期间,网上销售的服装和科技产品数量显著增加。

To sum up
To sum uplearning a new skill, like a language, can be challenging, but it is also rewarding.

总而言之,学习一门新技能,就像学习一门语言一样,可能是一种挑战,但也是一种回报。

Similarly
Similarly, increasing the price of fuel and raising parking charges may discourage people from driving into city centres.

同样,提高燃油价格和停车费也可能会阻止人们开车进入市中心。

Still
Digital technology has made working from home easier. Still, many people prefer the social contact of going to their workplace.

数字技术让在家工作变得更加容易。尽管如此,许多人还是喜欢去工作场所的社交活动。

What is more
Too much screen time may affect children’s activity levels. What is more, extended time spent using electronic devices may have a negative impact on their eyesight.

过多的屏幕时间可能会影响孩子的活动水平。更重要的是,长时间使用电子设备可能会对他们的视力产生负面影响。

Whereas
Boys tend to develop physical skills, such as jumping, at a young age, whereas girls tend to develop fine motor skills.

男孩倾向于在年轻时发展身体技能,如跳跃,而女孩倾向于发展精细的运动技能。

While
While men still make up the largest proportion of students on science courses, the number of women is steadily increasing.

男生在理科学生中所占比例仍然最大,但女生的人数正在稳步增加。

Yet
The penalties for breaking the law are high, yet some people continue to commit crimes.

违法的惩罚是很高的,然而一些人继续犯罪。

总结

英语连词虽然是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成分而只起连接词与词,短语与短语以及句与句的作用。初学者掌握以后可以循序渐进地使用并运用自如,希望本文在这方面能够提供有用的帮助。

Scroll to Top