地点副词

46个常见地点副词的用法

地点副词告诉我们某事在哪里发生。这一类包括向上和向南的方向副词,向上和向前的移动和方向副词,以及向外和向后的位置副词。在这本学习指南中,我们将带你走过一系列的地点副词,并举例说明如何使用它们中的每一个,让我们学习吧!

什么是地点副词?

Adverbs of place 地点副词告诉我们某事发生的地点。这些包括: 上面,下面,到处,里面,前进,外面,上坡,等等。这一组中的各种副词使我们能够准确地解释一个动作的位置(或移动)。大多数副词以‘-ly’结尾,但地点副词不以‘-ly’结尾。

延伸阅读:时间副词有哪些-35个时间副词完整列表与例句

副词还是介词?

有些位置副词也起介词的作用。例如,副词“ down”可以是介词和副词。它在句子中的位置告诉我们 down 是作为介词还是副词。记住副词放在动词后面,并描述它是如何做的。而介词放在名词前面,不用来描述动词。比较下面两个例句:

主语 + 主要动词 + 地点副词
例句:She went inside.

主语 + 主要动词 + 介词 + 名词(宾语)
例句:She went inside the house.

也是介词的地点副词包括: around,behind,down,in,off,on,over,等等。这些属于方位介词的范畴。

Anywhere, somewhere, elsewhere, everywhere

这些副词表示不确定的位置。虽然它们看起来很相似,但它们的意思却不同。“Everywhere”意味着某种东西无处不在。“ Anywhere”用于否定句和疑问句,而不是“ everywhere”。“ Elsewhere ”指的是另一个地方,“somewhere ”指的是一个物体在一个未知的地方。比较下面的例子:

副词含义
AnywhereI can’t find it anywhere.Not in any place.
SomewhereI know I put it somewhere.In a place, but I don’t know where it is.
ElsewhereI’ll have to look elsewhere.In another place.
EverywhereI’ve looked everywhere.In all places.

Indoors, outdoors, inside, outside

这组副词使我们能够描述某物相对于建筑物的位置。当我们说某物在 indoors 时,我们的意思是它在房子里,而我们用 outdoors 来形容某物或某人不在建筑里。

副词‘ inside’和‘ outside’的功能相似。这些副词也可以表示动作,例如“ i’m going outside”意思是我正从一座建筑物中移动到另一座建筑物外面。

地点状语

我们用状语来谈论某物的位置。地点副词是一个短语,其功能与位置副词相同。它提供了更多关于动词的信息。一些例子如下:

  • Becky was sitting in the garden.
  • She put the plate on the table.

一些常用的位置副词用于形成状语。在这些情况下,there 和 here 成为名词。例如:

  • Over there.
  • Up here.
地点副词

我们如何使用它们?

句子位置

我们通常把位置副词放在分句的末尾,它们出现在主动词之后。

主语 + 主要动词 + 地点副词
例句:The man walked backwards.

注意,副词在否定句中的位置不变。

主语 + 主要动词 + 位置副词
例句:She didn’t walk away.

位置副词也可以出现在宾语之后。

主语 + 主要动词 + 宾语 + 位置副词
例句:She didn’t find the book there.

位置副词不能放在动词和它的直接宾语之间。所以我们不能说: She didn’t find there the book.

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情态动词

在情态动词中,位置副词出现在主动词之后或宾语之后:

主语 + 情态动词 + 主要动词 + 位置副词
例句:You mustn’t run away.

主语 + 情态动词 + 主要动词 + 宾语 + 位置副词
例句:You should put that book there.

文学用途

地点副词在文学作品(故事)中的使用比日常英语中更加灵活。这是为了创造戏剧性和对故事的兴趣。

在这种类型的写作中,副词可以出现在句子的开头:

位置副词 + 主语 + 主要动词

例句:Inside, all was quiet.

例句:Nearby, a dog barked loudly.

多个副词的词序

在有时间和地点副词的句子中,地点副词出现在时间副词之前:

  • I’m moving abroad soon.
  • I’m taking the dog out this morning.

副词“ Here”和“ there”经常出现在句子的开头。

位置副词 + 主动词 + 主语

  • Here comes the train!
  • There goes Tom.

46个地点副词表和副词例子

About
    The ball rolled about on the floor.
At the party, there were lots of kids running about.

Above
    He put the book on the shelf above.
See the examples listed above.

Abroad (also Overseas)
    They have decided to move abroad.
Sue is planning to find a new job abroad.

Across
    The river is too wide! How are we going to get across?
Just swim across!

Ahead
    You run ahead and we’ll catch you up.
If you want to win the race, you need to stay ahead.

Along
   The brake was off so the car just rolled along.
Run along! It’s time for bed.

Anywhere (American English: Anyplace)
    I can’t find that book anywhere.
Come in! You can sit anywhere you like!

在肯定句中使用 somewhere,在否定句中的使用 anywhere 。这两个副词有不同的意思。Anywhere 通常用在否定句中,表示宾语(物品)找不到,例如: i can’t find my keys Anywhere

Around, Round
    Will you children please stop running around?!
If you’re free later, you’re welcome to come round.

Away
    Joe, it’s time to put all the toys away.
Do you remember the date she went away (on holiday)?

Back
   You ought to get back before its dark.
I think you should give it back.

Backwards
    Cats don’t usually walk backwards!
Can you say the alphabet backwards?

Behind
   Oh no! I think I left the map behind!
After class, the teacher told me to stay behind.

Below
   Please see the examples below.
I think she lives in the flat below.

By
   John waited, but the beautiful woman just walked by.
I just drove by to say “hello”.

Down
    Please, sit down.
I enjoyed watching the sun go down.

Downhill
    Business has really gone downhill recently.
The car sped downhill at 60mph.

Downstairs
    She heard the doorbell ring so she ran downstairs.
Be careful when you go downstairs.

East, West, North, South
    The man said he was travelling north.
We drove east via the A11.

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Eastwards, Westwards, Northwards, Southwards
    We sailed northwards to the island.
We continued walking southwards towards the mountains. 

以“ ward”或“ wards”结尾的位置副词暗示向某一特定方向移动。这包括向东 eastwards 和向西 westwards 的副词,也包括 upwards 向上、downwards 向下、forwards 向前和 backwards 向后的副词。请注意,towards 总是一个介词 (绝不是副词!) 后面必须跟一个名词或代词,例如: 我们不能只说: She walked towards。我们应该说: She walked towards me (宾语)

Elsewhere
    I thought I had put the money in the cupboard, but I must have left it elsewhere.
She hoped she would find a better job elsewhere.

Far
    Have you walked far?
She told the children not to go far from home.

Forward(s)
    Michael stepped forward when they asked for volunteers.
He ran forwards to catch the ball.

Here
    Where is Tony? Oh, here he comes!
I’m sure I left it here!

Homewards, Home
    They drove homewards through the forest.
We came home after the party.

In
    Sarah opened the front door and went in.
I’m staying in tonight.

Indoors
    Has Sally gone indoors? Yes, because it’s started raining.
David folded up the chair and took it indoors.

Inside
    It’s getting cold now. I think we should go inside.
He realised the door was locked, and that he’d left his keys inside!

Left, Right
   You need to turn left at the traffic lights.
Look right and you’ll see me in the blue coat!

Near
   Have we reached the top yet? No, but I think we must be near.
Keep your loved ones near.

Nearby
    Does your aunt live nearby?
They couldn’t afford a house here, but are renting nearby.

Nowhere
    I’ve tried to find the key, but there is nowhere else to look.
I tried to find him, but he was nowhere to be seen.

Off
    He slammed the door and drove off!
Come on then children. Off we go!

在这里的一些例子中,动词 + 副词的组合创造了所谓的“短语动词”。例如,put awaysit down 或者 leave behind。在这里,副词改变(或扩展)了动词的意思。

On
    We walked on for 3 more hours in the rain.
The car stopped, but the van in front of it drove on.

Out
    Where are you going? Out!
He opened the window and looked out.                                                                            

Outside
    It was a lovely day, so they decided to have the party outside.
Please wait outside. The doctor will call you in shortly.

Outdoors
    Let’s have lunch outdoors today. It’s a really sunny day!
Pete used to work outdoors, but he’s got an office job now.

Over
    She turned over and went back to sleep.
She was looking out of the window when I walked over.

Sideways
    All the wood fell sideways off the lorry into the road!
The bed will only fit through the door sideways.

Somewhere
    I thought I put my phone on the table, but it must be somewhere else.
Shall we park the car somewhere on Queens Road?

There
    I have seen him there before.
    Do you think we will get there on time?

Through
    The museum ticket inspector wouldn’t let us go through.
    We’re in the living room. Just come through!

Under
   There were no other ships nearby when the Titanic went under.
   The bridge was too low for the lorry to drive under.

Up
    The sun was already up.
    Is Peter still in bed? No, he is already up.

Uphill
    My PT made be jog uphill for 5km!
    Water never flows uphill.

Upwards
    Everyone looked upwards to see what the noise was.
    The rocket travelled upwards at great speed.

Upstairs
    Quick! Run upstairs and find your purse.
    Where is Mum? I think she’s gone upstairs.

总结

英语学习不是一蹴而就,大家要持之以恒,在英语学习中,如果能够正确地辨别词性将有助于提升单词背诵的准确率,而且会大大提高考试中的得分率。今天在这里给大家分享的关于地点副词的全面整理,希望能够帮助到大家。

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