搭配是两个或多个经常出现在一起的词的组合。有些词与许多其他词搭配，例如: broad 可以用来形成搭配，例如: broad smile，broad range 或 broad accent。然而，有些词只出现在一个或两个搭配中，例如: mindless violence。
你可能对形容词 + 名词搭配比较熟悉，比如a big mistake或者heavy rain。然而，搭配是由许多不同的词组合构成的，例如: 动词和名词(make a speech)或副词和形容词(extremely successful)。
上篇文章介绍了70 个描写人性格的形容词英语大全（正面和负面），这里列出的搭配都是日常用语中常用的搭配。该表将搭配列表分为四种不同类型: 动词 + 名词，形容词 + 名词，名词 + 名词和副词 + 形容词。
|Find a solution
|A complete disaster
|Absolutely delighted 非常高兴
|Go on a diet 节食
|Formal education 正规教育
|Childhood friend 儿时的朋友
|Extremely successful 非常成功
|Make a living 谋生
|A heavy workload 繁重的工作量
|Full marks 满分
|Newly qualified 新取得资格
|Overcome a hurdle 克服障碍
|Mature student 成熟的学生
|Food miles 食物里程
|Cautiously optimistic 谨慎乐观
|Throw a party 开个派对
|A quick learner 学习能力强
|Personality trait 人格特质
|Slightly different 略有不同
|Spend a fortune 花大钱
|A surprise party 惊喜派对
|Value for money 物有所值
|Stunningly attractive 令人惊叹的吸引力
|Watch what you eat 注意饮食
|A special occasion 一个特殊的场合
|Fashion victim 时尚的牺牲品
|Absolutely vital 绝对至关重要
|Keep in shape 保持身材
|A bubbly personality 活泼开朗的性格
- A quick learner 学习能力强 – someone who learns new things easily
Anne speaks Italian fluently and has only been in Rome a year! Yes, she is a quick learner.
- Absolutely delighted 非常高兴
Toni was absolutely delighted with her wedding gift!
- Absolutely vital 绝对至关重要
It’s absolutely vital that you read the instructions carefully before you start your exam!
- Bubbly personality – 活泼的性格
I prefer people with bubbly personalities – they are so easy to talk to.
- Carbon footprint
I’m trying to reduce my carbon footprint by using my bike instead of the car.
- Cautiously optimistic 谨慎乐观
I am cautiously optimistic about getting a new job.
- Childhood friend 儿时的朋友
I have known Debbie for 30 years – she is a childhood friend
- Complete disaster 彻底的灾难
The shopping trip was a complete disaster! It rained all day.
- Extremely successful 非常成功
Jane was extremely successful in her engineering career.
- Fashion victim 时尚的牺牲品
Have you seen what Steve is wearing? What a fashion victim!
- Find a solution 找到一个解决方案
Tom hasn’t found a solution to our budgeting issue yet – he is organising a board meeting to discuss it later this week
- Food miles 食物里程
If you grow some of your own vegetables, you can decrease your food miles dramatically.
- Formal education 正规教育
My grandfather left school when he was 14, so his formal education was quite short.
- Full marks 满分
Sarah looks very happy today. Yes, she got full marks in her maths test!
- Go on a diet 节食
After Christmas I am going on a diet – I have put on so much weight during lockdown!
- Heavy workload 繁重的工作量
His new job is great, but he has a really heavy workload at the moment.
- Keep in shape 保持身材
He looks fit. Yes, he keeps himself in shape by going to the gym every day.
- Make a living 谋生
In the 90s, my father made a living working in the hospitality industry.
- Mature student 成熟的学生
It was fine being a mature student, but most friends I made at uni were younger than me.
- Newly qualified 新取得资格
Jim doesn’t have much experience yet. He is a newly qualified lawyer.
- Overcome a hurdle 克服障碍
I had to overcome many hurdles on my way to becoming a qualified teacher.
- Personality trait 人格特质
Ryan has some very positive personality traits. He is intelligent, caring and loyal.
- Slightly different 略有不同
That hat is a slightly different colour to your dress.
- Special occasion 特殊场合
I think I will save this party dress for a special occasion.
- Spend a fortune 花大钱
Maggie spent a fortune on her new car!
- Stunningly attractive 令人惊叹的吸引力
If you look at these old photos, my grandmother was a stunningly attractive woman.
- Surprise party 惊喜派对
Jeff’s colleagues organised a surprise party for his 31st birthday.
- Throw a party 开个派对
When I was a kid, we used to throw a party every Halloween.
- Value for money 物有所值
That coat was really good value for money.
- Watch what you eat 注意饮食
I’m watching what I eat at the moment – I need to lose a few pounds.
Q. Do you enjoy buying new clothes?
A. Yes, I really like shopping for clothes, but I don’t spend a fortune on them. I like looking for attractive clothes that are also good value for money.
Q. Is it important to buy fashionable clothes?
A. I do like fashionable clothes, but I’m not a fashion victim! I buy things that are in fashion, but they have to look good on me too!
Q. What job would you like to do in the future?
A. I would like to make a living as a lawyer. I think it would be an interesting job, although a lot of lawyers have a heavy workload, so it could be quite stressful and I expect the working hours would be rather long.
Q. Do you like your current job?
A. Yes, I am a newly-qualified teacher. I only started teaching last year. It’s a challenging job, but I really enjoy it.
Q. Tell me about one of your friends.
A. My mate Josie is a childhood friend. She is really chatty and cheerful. She has a bubbly personality, so she is always good fun to be with.
Q. What makes a good friend?
A. Well, a friend doesn’t have to be stunningly attractive! It is much more important that you get on with them and that they have some positive personality traits. In my opinion, it’s important that a good friend is honest, loyal and kind.
第二部分: 陈述 Presentation
Q. Describe a time during your education that you really enjoyed.
A. To be honest, I didn’t enjoy school when I was very young. I think it took me some time to get used to formal education. I think I would have preferred to have stayed at home! I thought it was a bit boring and I wasn’t a good student.
I started to enjoy school when I was a teenager. I think I’m quite a quick learner, so I really liked it when lessons got more difficult at secondary school. I started to listen more in class and got some good grades. I remember I was absolutely delighted when I scored full marks in a science test when I was 14. That encouraged me to choose science subjects at A level. Now I’m a mature student, studying to be a doctor, but I think my love of science started back then!
Q. Describe a time when you helped to organise something.
A. Last year me and my friends decided to throw a party. Our mate Matthew was 18 last summer and we thought that he would enjoy a big celebration! We decided it would be fun to make it a surprise party, so we talked to his parents and they agreed to hold the party at their house.
We invited lots of Matthew’s friends, bought some food and drink and got everything ready at his house. We were careful to keep it a surprise, so we all hid in the kitchen, waiting for Matthew to arrive for the special occasion!
Matthew had a part-time job, so the plan was for another friend to pick him up from work and drive to the house. Unfortunately, on their way to the party the car broke down! It was a complete disaster! Finally, Matthew got home in a taxi. We all jumped out and shouted ‘surprise!’ He looked a bit shocked, but I think he really enjoyed the party.
第三部分: 讨论 Discussion
饮食与健康Diet & health
Q. Does eating healthy food improve your health?
A. Yes, I think it is important that we all watch what we eat because eating too much junk food can make us overweight and that causes other health problems. I don’t think people necessarily need to go on a diet to be healthier. They just need to eat fresh, healthy food, such as fruit and vegetables.
Q. Is it important to have an exercise routine?
A. I think the most important thing is to do some exercise regularly so that you keep in shape. It doesn’t really matter whether it is running, swimming or dancing, but it is really important that you enjoy the exercise that you choose. A regular exercise routine can be extremely successful at keeping you motivated. Even if you only exercise now and then, it is still good for your health.
问: 日常锻炼很重要吗？答: 我认为最重要的事情是经常锻炼，这样你才能保持身材。无论是跑步、游泳还是跳舞，都不重要，重要的是你要享受你选择的运动。有规律的锻炼可以极大地激发你的动力。即使你只是偶尔锻炼，它仍然对你的健康有好处。
Q. What can you do as an individual to help the environment?
A. There are lots of things we can do in our homes to help the environment. For example, we can recycle our waste and try to reduce the amount of plastic we use. One important thing to consider is how to reduce your carbon footprint. That means you try to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide that you produce by using public transport, eating less meat and buying second-hand clothes. You can also reduce your food miles by buying food that is produced locally.
Q. Some people think it is too late to stop global warming. Do you agree?
A. I am actually cautiously optimistic about the environment. I do think we can work together to slow down the impact of global warming. However, it is absolutely vital that we all work together now to make big changes in how we live, including switching to clean energy and developing green technologies.ies.
Q. How can technology be helpful in everyday life?
A. Sometimes technology can be really useful for finding a solution to a problem. For example, with modern technology you can find an app to help you in almost any situation. You can buy food online, navigate to a destination in your car and even find a new partner online!
Q. How do younger people and older people use technology differently?
A. I think young people use technology in almost every part of their lives. For example, they watch videos on their laptop, take photos on their phone and use social media all the time. For older people, I think it is slightly different. Some see new technology as overly complicated, but, with help, they can overcome this hurdle. I think older people often use technology in a limited way because they don’t fully understand it.