托福口语如何提高 1

托福口语如何提高的15个制胜技巧

想在托福口语考试中获得高分吗?你来对地方了!在这份学习指南中,我们将与您分享快速托福口语如何提高的最佳技巧和策略。我们还给出了一些例子,以帮助您在考试中理解这些技巧。让我们开始吧!

你需要流利的英语才能在托福口语考试中取得高分!然而,并不是所有能说流利英语的人都能得到最高分。为什么?这就是考试知识的重要性。在英语中,我们称之为“ exam technique 考试技巧”。

15招快速提高你的托福口语成绩

延伸阅读:66个精彩雅思口语习惯用语(按主题)

托福口语技巧100% 了解测试结构

托福口语测试你的大学入学口语。这部分考试长达17分钟。总共有30个点可供选择。托福口语分数“最高分”是26-30分。你的大学会提前告诉你你需要什么分数。

托福口语 小 分

Good26-30
Fair18-25
Limited10-17
Weak0-9

托福口语考试有两部分和四个任务要完成。第一个是“独立发言”(x1任务)。第二个是“集成的演讲”(x3任务)。这些任务试图模拟学术课堂内外的真实情况。让我们仔细看看..。

托福口语 问题

任务1任务2任务3任务4
 独立发言综合性演讲综合性演讲综合性演讲
解释一个选择与校园有关的学术界 学术界
准备时间15秒准备时间30秒准备时间30秒准备时间20秒
演讲时间45秒演讲时间60秒演讲时间60秒演讲时间60秒

第一部分:”独立发言”

在本节中,你将用自己的想法、观点和经验来回答一个问题。有三种主要类型的问题:

  • I)好主意/坏主意
  • ii)配对选择
  • 同意或不同意

你应该总是用相关的例子来支持自己的观点,并尽可能多地给出细节。你也可以用另一种观点来对比你选择的答案。在这一部分,你有15秒的准备时间,你的演讲时间是45秒。托福口语如何提高?让我们看看这些问题中的3个例子,以及如何给出强有力的答案:

好主意/坏主意的例子

Q. Some companies have rules that forbid employees from using personal cell phones during working hours. Do you think this is a good idea? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

I personally think this is a really good rule. I know that most people are addicted to their cell phones these days, but I can tell you that I constantly see people around me missing important information in our classes because of this addiction to their phones. I know that my grades definitely suffer every time that I allow myself to become distracted in class by my mobile.

I am also sure that companies could easily improve production and efficiency by banning the use of personal phones in offices. When the power goes out, we all suddenly become much more aware of our surroundings! And we have to remember that we can still relax and connect with others without these distracting devices.

配对选择的例子

Q. Some people think they can achieve more when they work with other people. Some think they are more productive when they are alone. What is your opinion? Explain why.

I don’t think there’s a very clear answer to this one. For example, I believe it can be beneficial to have other people around when trying to achieve a goal, like for example to lose weight. When I was trying to lose weight, I went to group sessions. It was really helpful because we got together to do exercise and to record our weight loss. We would be there for each other when someone lost motivation or when someone was falling into temptation.

On the other hand, in high school, getting together to finish an assignment often turned into a party rather than a workspace, and I knew I was wasting my time. Other people can often be a major distraction! I think it all depends on what needs to be achieved and how disciplined you are. I think if I’m honest with myself, I’m probably more productive when I just lock myself in my room. 

同意或不同意的例子

Q. State whether you agree or disagree with the following statement. Then explain your reasons using specific details in your argument. “Teachers should assign daily homework to students.”

I think that the concept of homework is debatable, and I can definitely see both sides of the argument. But, if I had to make a choice, I’d have to agree. I know that most students hate homework, but I think there are two very positive aspects to daily homework.

As humans, we definitely need repetition in learning, and seeing the concepts only once in the classroom may be limiting. Going over ideas again at home creates repetition, and if we get used to doing this, I think we have more chance of success in the future.

I also believe that homework allows children to bond with their parents. When I was young, my parents really helped me when I had questions or doubts about my homework and it really brought us closer together.

第二部分:”综合演讲”

托福口语如何提高?托福口语测试的问题2、3和4是“综合口语测试”任务。“综合”就是指这些任务结合了阅读、听力和口语技能。例如,你可能需要听和口头回答,或者听,读,然后口头回答。

这一部分主要关注校园和学术相关的话题。在问题2-4中,你有15-30秒的时间准备你的答案。每个问题的发言/回答时间为45-60秒。托福口语如何提高?让我们来看看每个主题的例子,以及如何给出一个有力的答案:

与校园有关的例子

说明: 阅读短文,然后听录音,最后回答问题

A 部分: 阅读

Group Work
The geology department is aware of the problems surrounding group work and its unpopularity among students. We realise that in some cases students do not contribute and thus gain marks they do not deserve, while stronger students are frustrated at being held back by weaker students. Similarly, it is very difficult for tutors to award marks for group projects, as it is unclear who is responsible for each part.

However, the department feels that there is a great deal to be gained from group work in terms of self-organisation and communication skills. To this end, we plan to introduce a system whereby the group work itself is not formally assessed. Each student will undertake an individual piece of work based on the group project. This will be designed to ensure participation in the project.

B 部分: 倾听

(Male student) Thank goodness the department has made changes to the way they assess group work! I had a nightmare last term with our geology project. I couldn’t bear going through that again!

(Female student) Why, what happened?

(Male student) Well, there were three of us in the group. One guy worked really hard, but he didn’t trust anyone else to do anything. He just wanted to do it all himself.

(Female student) It sounds like you were freeloading.

(Male student) Well, I wasn’t! I offered up plenty of ideas, but he kept saying they were no good. In the end, I stopped trying and left it to him. The other guy was a waste of space. He didn’t pull his weight at all. We barely saw him.

(Female student) Did you get a good grade?

(Male student) A reasonable one, considering how little work I did.  But I’m sure I’d have done better if I’d been given the chance to say what I wanted.

(Female student) Well, the new system should give you that opportunity.

(Male student) Yeah, I hope so, though I wish they’d abolish group work altogether.  All this organisation and communication is just a waste of time. It’s got nothing to do with geology! 

Q. The man expresses his opinion of group work. State and explain his opinion. Compare his opinion with that of the Geology Faculty.

A. The man doesn’t like group work because he had a negative experience when another group member kept rejecting his ideas. He felt he couldn’t contribute. He said that he wasn’t taking the easy road because he did constantly try to participate, unlike the third team member who simply did nothing.

He felt that the marks didn’t reflect each participant’s work fairly. He agreed with the faculty that giving one mark to the whole group doesn’t correctly reflect how much or how well each individual member worked.

He says that he really wants to be able to work individually, and this is in accordance with what the faculty recognised as important, so they seem to agree on this point. However, the man does not agree with what the university states at the end of their message about the importance of organisation and communication skills for all students. He believes that those skills have nothing to do with geology.

与学术有关的例子

A部分:阅读

Flow
In psychology, the feeling of complete and energised focus in an activity is called “flow”. People who enter a state of flow lose their sense of time and have a feeling of great satisfaction. They become completely involved in an activity for its own sake, rather than for what may result from the activity, such as money or prestige. Contrary to expectation, flow usually happens not during relaxing moments of leisure and entertainment, but when we are actively involved in a difficult enterprise; in a task that stretches our mental or physical abilities.

B部分:听力

(Male professor speaking)
I think this will help you get a picture of what your textbook is describing. I had a friend who taught in the Physics Department, Professor Jones, he retired last year…Anyway, I remember…this was a few years ago now…I remember passing by a classroom early one morning just as he was leaving, and he looked terrible: his clothes were all crumpled, and he looked like he hadn’t slept all night. And I asked if he was ok.

I was surprised when he said that he had never felt better, that he was happy. He had spent the entire night in the classroom working on a mathematics puzzle. He didn’t stop to eat dinner; he didn’t stop to sleep…or even rest. He was that involved in solving the puzzle. And it didn’t even have anything to do with his teaching or research; he had just come across this puzzle accidentally, I think in a mathematics journal, and it just really interested him. So he worked furiously all night and covered the blackboards in the classroom with equations and numbers and never realised that time was passing by.

Q. Explain flow and how the example used by the professor illustrates the concept.

A. The article describes flow as the feeling of focus in which people can lose their sense of time, while becoming entirely involved in an activity that doesn’t necessarily result in either money or prestige. From the text, we can understand flow as: being involved in something that is difficult or challenging, rather than in moments of relaxation.

The professor’s example of his colleague is relevant because he describes how this co-worker had clearly lost his sense of time by working all night on the mathematics puzzle he had come across, not stopping to rest, eat or even sleep. He also explains how the puzzle was not going to lead his colleague to any specific conclusion. It represented a personal challenge that kept him intrigued and fully satisfied while he was in the process of doing it.

了解你的托福口语成绩

托福口语如何提高?为了在托福独立口语测试中取得高分,需要研究评估标准。托福口语如何提高?这些标记集中在以下三个概念:

  • 表达方式: 候选人一般说话速度很快,表达流畅。语音清晰,可能包括轻微的语音失误或语调模式的轻微困难,但这些并不影响整体可懂度。
  • 语言使用: 回答显示了语法和词汇的有效使用。它具有较高的自动化程度,能很好地控制基本结构和复杂结构。微小的错误可能是显而易见的,但不会导致误解。
  • 主题发展: 反应是持续的并且与任务相关。它通常是发展良好和连贯的,各种想法之间的关系是明确的。
advertise

在回答托福口语测试的问题时,考虑以下几点:

  • 我完全回答了吗?
  • 我说得清楚吗?
  • 我的语法有错误吗?
  • 我的用词是否正确?
  • 我的想法是否有条理?
  • 我是否充分利用了所给予的时间?
  • 我说得太快了还是太慢了?
  • 我是否有效地使用了暂停?

使用介绍性的短语为自己争取更多的时间

练习表达你的观点,描述问题和解决方案,并使用语言来比较和对比想法。这些都是托福口语考试中的关键概念。

托福口语如何提高?你越多地谈论你的想法和观点,用英语说话就会变得越容易,谈论更大的想法的压力就会越小。
练习一下你的答案,比如:

  • “As far as I’m concerned…” “就我而言… …”
  • “Personally, I think that…” “我个人认为… …”
  • “It seems to me that…” “在我看来… …”

为了描述问题和解决方案,可以使用这样的简介短语:

  • “The problem is…” “问题是… …”
  • “The problem seems to be that…” “问题似乎在于… …”
  • “The real issue seems to be that…” “真正的问题似乎是… …”

为了比较和对比各种想法,可以使用下面的表达方式:

  • On the contrary… 恰恰相反
  • Instead, I’d say that… 相反,我会说..
  • Some may argue that… 有些人可能会说..

定期与以英语为母语的人交流

托福口语如何提高?仔细聆听以英语为母语的人说话时的声音,并试着模仿你所听到的。有许多免费和付费的在线平台,你可以在这些平台上与母语人士互动。Facebook 有许多群组,你可以在那里找到演讲伙伴。

如果你想更专注地准备托福口语考试,可以考虑和一个合格的英语老师一起参加付费的在线课程。在 OTUK,我们的课程集中在流利和考试技巧上,以帮助你获得更快的成绩。

adv 1

托福口语怎么练

托福口语如何提高?在托福口语考试中,你需要阅读和聆听一些可能相当长或冗长的材料。快速挑选出最重要的要点,并总结信息,从而得到简短、清晰和相关的答案,这一点很重要。

你可以通过频繁地收听英语新闻、播客、有声读物等来做准备,然后自己录制你所听到的摘要。你也可以通过阅读文章或文章来练习。

你可以使用在线工具,比如 Resoomer 这可能有助于你找到用英语表达相同观点的简短方法。

试着以不断加快的速度表达你的想法,开始是2分钟的总结,然后是90秒的总结,然后是60秒,等等。每次删除任何不必要的元素。只关注关键概念。这个练习迫使你的大脑选择相关的单词和短语,以便更有效地进行交流。

示例正文和摘要答案

听力文字记录:
It’s always been one of those big sci-fi questions – is there life on Mars, or rather, could Mars ever support life? Well, it is generally assumed that in order to have life, you need water. Well, ever since the 1960s we’ve been sending out probes to Mars to try to…ascertain if there is water on Mars, or if there ever has been, and in the 1990s, 1996 to be precise, the U.S. Mars Global Surveyor was launched. The surveyor remains in orbit around Mars to this day and has some rather nifty equipment on board, including a high-resolution camera, a sensor that can identify soil and rocks, and a laser that can take measurements and map the planet’s surface.

So what have we learnt from the Global Surveyor? Well, we’ve found out that yes, there was once water on Mars, and in great quantities too. I’m talking oceans, seas, lakes…much like Earth today. They have deduced this from the shapes of the mountains and valleys on Mars – they are the same shape as those formations on Earth that we know were created by water. In fact, some analysts are suggesting that there is still water on Mars to this day, but deep down, in holes 100 to 400 meters below the surface.

This idea created quite a stir, as you can imagine, and a number of scientists have tried to either prove…or refute this theory, using other evidence available to us. Some Chinese scientists, for example, have been studying a meteorite that was collected from Antarctica in 2001, but they’ve found no evidence of water there, but that’s not to say there isn’t any water on Mars, as Mars and meteorites are separate entities entirely. Another source of evidence we have is images from astronomical telescopes, but we can’t see much of the planet from this angle – just the poles, and they are covered in ice caps – dry ice, not H20 – so that doesn’t help us one way or the other.

Q.利用演讲中的信息,描述我们对火星上水的了解,以及我们是如何知道这些的
We hear from the professor that there was once water on Mars, perhaps a similar amount to on Earth today. This data has been retrieved by a probe sent to orbit Mars in the 90s. Scientists have even been able to measure the shape of the land and draw maps of the planet. They believe there was once water on Mars because the rock formations are similar to those formed by water on Earth. Some argue that there is still water on Mars, but deep underground.

Some Chinese scientists have been exploring a Martian meteorite that landed on Earth in 2001. They haven’t found any signs of water in these rocks, but this doesn’t discount the possibility of water on Mars itself. The professor also explains that we can view images from telescopes, but they don’t really help us decide whether Mars has water as they can only see the poles of the planet. These are covered in dry ice, making it difficult to see. In conclusion, we still don’t know whether there is currently water on Mars.

支持你的答案

托福口语如何提高?练习解释你的答案。用明确的理由支持他们。如果你想说间隔年旅行比直接上大学好,那就准备好至少提出三个理由来证明你的观点。在考试中,你没有时间给出三个理由,但是有太多的理由总比有太少的理由要好。

对于旅行/大学的例子,你的理由可能是: 学习新的文化,参观著名的地方,以及从教育中得到必要的休息。你可以利用这些理由来支持你的答案。

使用副词/形容词增加语言的复杂性

托福口语如何提高?你需要证明你有很好的词汇知识。包括各种副词和形容词可以增加英语的表达性和复杂性。

尽量使用过渡副词来使你的话流畅,例如,however,therefore,therefore,however,therefore,therefore。当讨论你的个人观点时,使用如下形容词: 可靠的,足智多谋的,明智的,热情的,聪明的。

托福口语如何提高

听英语演讲时要有效地记笔记

在托福口语考试中,你将有机会在听课文的同时写笔记,为你的答案做准备。如果你不经常练习这个技能,时间可能会成为一个问题,你可能不会记录所有重要的点。对于口语测试的综合任务,你有45秒的时间阅读一篇文章,在此期间,你还要做笔记。

练习: 试着听广播/电视新闻,列出重要信息的要点清单。这将是一个好的总结的骨干,以参考时发言。现在用你的笔记练习以尽可能短的方式复述新闻。你可以让一个朋友对你的总结发表评论,或者问你一个具体的考试问题。

你不会在笔记的外观上留下记号。它们只是为你准备的。使用缩写和“速记”,尽可能简短。使用要点符号,每行只包含一个事实。确保你的笔记100% 清晰。

托福口语如何提高?让我们来看一个带有非常简短的要点注释的例子。

阅读:

Beginning with the fall semester, tuition bills must be paid in full before classes begin. Returning students will not be able to attend classes for which they preregistered last spring if there is an outstanding balance due on the account. Although in previous semesters students were allowed to attend classes if 50 percent of the bill was paid, the new policy, with no exceptions, will go into effect immediately. The bursar’s office is open Monday to Friday from nine to six to assist you with financial aid, loans, and scholarship applications. Please check your account balance online.

备注:

ad USA 1
  • New policy = 100% paid before attend class, starting autumn 新政策 = 从秋季开始上课前100% 付费
  • Old policy = only 50% paid before 旧政策 = 之前只支付了50%
  • Office open Mon-Fri 9-6 for help 星期一至星期五9至6办公室开放求助
  • Check account balance online 在线查询账户余额

使用短语动词(但不要太多!)

托福口语如何提高?以英语为母语的人在谈话中经常使用短语动词,尤其是在非正式场合。在托福口语考试中使用一些短语动词来显示你对它们的了解是一个好主意。这是更高层次的词汇。

确保你知道在不同上下文中常用的短语动词。例如:

  • Get on, get back, get over 上车,退后,上车
  • Look after, look up, look forward to 照顾,仰望,期待
  • Put off, put on, put away 推迟,穿上,收起

你不需要学习字典里所有的短语动词!只需要集中精力充分理解15-20个常见的问题。

托福口语如何提高?在口语测试中,自然地使用短语动词,并且只使用几次。确保你不会过度使用它们,就像下面这个例子:

I don’t know how I got through the lecture today. Everyone was dozing off! The students at the back of the room did nothing but fool around. I know the faculty has tried to crack down on disrespectful behaviour and get back to a sense of decency, but today the lecturer ended up breaking off the lesson and leaving the room to cool off. I think that this behaviour may cause a drop off in the number of students who enrol, and the university may even do away with the course altogether.

记录下你自己说的话

托福口语如何提高?听自己说话是一种非常有效的学习方法。这可以帮助你发现发音中的弱点,减少停顿,纠正语法中的常见错误等等。与学习伙伴或说英语的朋友/家教分享你的录音也是一个好主意,这样可以得到更多的反馈。

建议练习:

使用镜子:对着镜子练习回答托福口语任务。这会帮助你在公共场合大声说话时建立自信。从独自做这件事开始。然后请一位朋友/导师扮演考官的角色。

使用手机:通过手机上的口述录音应用程序记录下你对口语问题的回答。每天这样做一次。早上这样做,晚上回顾你的录音。记下需要改进的地方。练习同一个口语任务至少做3次。

不要太苛刻地评价自己。我们都会犯错。这里的目标是练习口语,分析我们的错误,然后随着时间的推移而改进。你越是谈论同样的话题,你的答案就会越好!

掌握过渡词

通过经常使用诸如:firsthoweverin contraston the other handmoreover,此外,等等这样的短语来连接和移动想法。记住,思想之间的流畅是流畅的标志。使用过渡可以帮助你避免停顿,并引导考官顺利地进入你的下一个要点。

托福口语如何提高?让我们来看看一些真正有用的过渡词和短语:

给自己时间去思考

  • Let’s see 让我们看看
  • That’s an interesting/a good question 这是一个有趣的/好的问题
  • Let me think 让我想想

形成鲜明对比

  • Although 虽然
  • Whereas 然而呢
  • While 同时
  • In spite of 尽管
  • Others may argue 其他人可能会争论

扩展你的观点

  • First (of all) . . . Second . . . Third 首先,第二,第三
  • Similarly 同样地
  • Moreover 此外

强调

  • Evidently 很明显
  • Above all 最重要的是
  • Obviously 很明显
  • Without a doubt 毫无疑问

说明因果关系

  • As a result 因此
  • Consequently 因此
  • Thanks to 多亏了

概括

  • Overall 整体而言
  • For the most part 在大多数情况下
  • Generally speaking 一般来说

总结/总结

  • In conclusion 总而言之
  • As a result 因此
  • In summary 总而言之

展示你所知道的

我们可以把托福口语考试看作是一种“表现”。你是主要演员,你需要向主考官证明你的英语知识。这可能包括词汇,语法,发音,风格/流程,以及语言的其他方面。

利用每一个口语任务作为向考官展示你所知道的英语知识的机会。如果你想得到更高的分数,你需要正确地使用更复杂的词汇和语法。这也应该与这个问题有关。

托福口语如何提高?如果可以的话,试着在你的回答中加入一些不同的动词时态。例如:

Do you agree or disagree that pupils should have a job while they are studying at school?

A. When I was at school, I had a part-time job, and it really helped me to learn about self-discipline. I don’thave a job at the moment because I need to dedicate all my time to university, so I suppose I can see both sides of the argument. I would definitely recommend getting a part-time job if you can handle the workload. I know I’llsee the benefits of it later in my life.

We’ve already mentioned vocabulary like phrasal verbs, adverbs/adjectives, and transition words in our list of TOEFL exam tips. There is no specific set of vocabulary given by TOEFL ETS for candidates to learn. Your goal should be to acquire vocabulary over time as you progress your English.

提高托福词汇量的四种方法:

  • 经常用英语阅读并记录新词汇
  • 使用字典和辞典来确保你完全理解每一个生词
  • 每周列出10个新单词/短语,然后测试自己
  • 写下常用的托福口语词汇,集中精力学习较弱的单词

快速练习准备(利用新闻)

在托福口语考试中,你有15秒钟的时间准备你的第一个答案。确保你知道这是什么感觉。试着每天看新闻或者听新闻,给自己15秒钟准备一条新闻的摘要。

托福口语如何提高?起初,你可能会发现很难在这么短的时间内做笔记。没关系!通过练习,你会变得更快。如果你的英语足够好,使用本地的新闻来源,而不是 esl 适应的材料。确保你的手机上有一个计时的秒表。

改编自 esl 的新闻来源:

母语为英语的新闻来源:

适应背景噪音

托福口语如何提高?在你的口语考试中可能会有一些背景噪音。如果你需要完全保持沉默才能说得好,这可能会分散你考试的注意力。这也可能会影响你在任务涉及倾听。

在有很多干扰的公共场所练习说和听英语。如果你没有人可以一起练习,记录下你自己在一些有背景干扰的地方说话。你也可以在家里练习,当你在做口语或听力练习时,增加电视或收音机的背景噪音。

听不同的口音

在托福口语考试中,考官可能会要求你听一些录音。第一个任务的音频可能包含来自世界各地英语国家的口音的混合物——美国,英格兰,苏格兰,印度,南非等。如果你只习惯一种口音的英语,这可能是个问题。

让自己尽可能多地接触不同的口音,这样随着时间的推移,你会逐渐熟悉这些口音。记住,你可以控制你的口音,但是你永远不知道当别人开口说英语的时候会发生什么!您需要灵活,并能够理解各种不同的口音,为测试。

托福口语如何提高?对于一些纯正的音频样本,检查口音和英语方言列表的 IDEA 档案。比如,试着听听 accents from across England

Scroll to Top